As symbolic place of the resistance it became known for the execution of 335 people by German occupation troops during WWII.

The 23 March 1944, in an act of war in Rome in "Via Rasella" street , through several explosions a group of partisans killed 33 Nazi soldiers and wounded 38.

The cruel answer of the Nazi was not long in coming: For every soldier of them that was killed, ten Italians would be executed.

In total 335 victims lost their lifes, chosen randomly, including several political prisoners, inmates from "Via Tasso" prison, many Jews and even some uninvolved civilians.